Why Parents need to defend their homes against the deep waters of the Internet 0 942

  • According to a survey published by Youth Dynamix, a specialist Youth and Family Research Agency, over 18% of Kenyan Youth own a smartphone.
  • 79% of the Youth Wallet Share is specially allocated to airtime. Essentially, what this statistic points out is that if a parent gives their children a sum of KES 4,000 each month then KES 3,160 could go exclusively to internet usage and voice calls.
  • A staggering 35% of all Internet downloads are related to pornography.


Nearly every parent in Kenya remembers the first time they took any of their children out for swimming. No one has done any particular research on this subject matter but any attentive person will soon realize that it is a cold, hard fact.

I embarked to ask parents why this memory was so vivid and their response was equally as fascinating. Majority of the parents to whom I posed this question to uniformly attribute the clarity of those beautiful first strokes of their children to the immense risk that swimming posed on their little ones and what their eventual success meant for their future.

“When I put the floaters on him and placed him in the water, I thought that he may sink but he got in and just started kicking away! I knew he would be a great swimmer! I’ve never been prouder!”

Most parents were not so lucky, their children required constant practice and training in order to successfully land those first strokes. Crucially and, most notably, during that first swim, over 97% of these parents all had their children wear floaters.

Proper use of the Internet could create innovative, socially adept leaders out of children. However, there exist numerous risks with the use of the Internet among the youth.

Much like teaching your child swimming, each parent must understand that there is a duty of care which they have to adhere to once they purchase any internet-enabled device, such as a mobile phone and tablet and allow their children to use it.

The Youth Spend on Internet Usage

The cybersecurity community finds internet use among children and the youth most interesting.

After delving into statistics about youth and their internet use, we found some pretty insightful things about how the youth access and interact with digital technology in Kenya.

According to a survey published by Youth Dynamix, a specialist Youth and Family Research Agency, over 18% of Kenyan Youth own a smartphone.

Further, the primary function of a smartphone has diversified wildly. Not only is a smartphone utilized for voice calls and internet access but also for their day to day financial transactions.

The Youth’s reliance on digital technology does not stop there. Findings from the research firm, Youth Dynamix pointed out that about 79% of the Youth Wallet Share is specially allocated to airtime.

Essentially, what this statistic points out is that if a parent gives their children a sum of KES 4,000 each month then KES 3,160 could go exclusively to internet usage and voice calls.

It is of note that data usage is much more prevalent than voice calls among the youth demographic.

Internet use is a social norm

I do not intend to load this article with complex statistic-based data, however, the more one looks at the numbers, the more apparent the reality of constant internet use among the Youth in our country becomes.

Constant use may ultimately mean constant exposure to the vices and obscenities of an open and unchecked information pool where pornography and other forms of putrid content fester.

A statistic that should raise Kenyan parents’ eyebrows is based on a recent survey which pointed out that a staggering 35% of all Internet downloads are related to pornography.

A staggering 35% of all Internet downloads are related to pornography. Click to Tweet

Moreover, cyberterrorism has led to the growth and development of radicalization among impressionable children.

Modern recruitment campaigns from terrorist organizations often necessitate the protection and monitoring of children’s cyberactivity, otherwise the virtues and positive social cues which parents take years to teach their children is often replaced by dark, nihilistic ideas which could lead to dire consequences not just within the home, but for the State as well.

What is it that you have done to safeguard your child from the dangers of the Internet?

A valid counter argument will always be that the Internet is a treasure trove of knowledge and innovation, that the network effects present within the Web can bring out the best out of our young population; that constantly being on the Internet is not always a bad thing.

The latter may be true, but perhaps it is time for parents and guardians to ask themselves what exactly they have done to validate these fruitful notions.

What roles do parents play in ensuring the safe and righteous use of digital devices such as smartphones, tablets and laptops after their purchase? Why aren’t parents more involved in the manner which their children use the Internet? How can parents ensure that the Internet is used to add value to the education of their children?

In conclusion

In conclusion, Millennials (the youth born between 1980-1995) and Generation Z (the youth born between 1996-2010) rarely (if ever) forget their first mobile phone, first tablet or first laptop.

Don’t take my word for it?

We recommend that you ask them, and while you are at it discuss how parental control and guidance over internet use can mutually benefit the home and the family.

Refuse to let your children drown in the vast pool of information that is the Internet, it is time to gently put the floaters on, mums and dads. It is time to put the floaters on.

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Approximately US $150,000 worth of Ethereum-based cryptocurrency stolen 0 951

Online cryptocurrency website MyEtherWallet.com has confirmed that some visitors could have been temporarily redirected to a phishing site designed to steal users’ credentials and – ultimately – empty their cryptocurrency wallets.

According to reports, whoever was behind the attack may have successfully stolen approximately US $152,000 worth of Ethereum-based cryptocurrency.

However,  MyEtherWallet may not have been at fault, as the website explained in its statement:

“This is not due to a lack of security on the [MyEtherWallet] platform. It is due to hackers finding vulnerabilities in public facing DNS servers.”

British security researcher Kevin Beaumont confirms in a blog post that some of MyEtherWallet’s traffic had been redirected to a server based in Russia after traffic intended for Amazon’s DNS resolvers was pointed to a server hosted in Chicago by Equinix.

For the scheme to succeed, someone pulled off a hijack of a crucial component of the internet known as Border Gateway Protocol (BGP), to reroute traffic intended for Amazon’s Route 53 DNS service to the server in Chicago. As a consequence, for some users, entering myetherwallet.com into their browser did not take them to the genuine site but instead to a server at an IP address chosen by the hackers.

The only obvious clue that a typical user might have spotted was that when they visited the fake MyEtherWallet site they would have seen an error message telling them that the site was using an untrustworthy SSL certificate.

It seems that the attackers made a mistake in not obtaining a valid SSL certificate.

Despite the error with their SSL certificate, the hackers haven’t done badly for themselves – both in this attack and in the past. Fascinatingly, the bogus MyEtherWallet website set up by the criminals was moving stolen cryptocurrency into a wallet which already contained some US $27 million worth of assets. Inevitably that raises questions of its own – have the hackers already made a substantial fortune through other attacks, or might their activities be supported by a nation state?

In a statement Equinix confirmed that a customer’s equipment at its Chicago data center was used in the hackers’ hijacking of Amazon’s Route 53 DNS service:

“The server used in this incident was not an Equinix server but rather customer equipment deployed at one of our Chicago IBX data centers… We generally do not have visibility or control over what our customers – or customers of our customers – do with their equipment.”

Amazon however, do not find the blame to lie on themselves, communicating the following statement:

“Neither AWS nor Amazon Route 53 were hacked or compromised. An upstream Internet Service Provider (ISP) was compromised by a malicious actor who then used that provider to announce a subset of Route 53 IP addresses to other networks with whom this ISP was peered. These peered networks, unaware of this issue, accepted these announcements and incorrectly directed a small percentage of traffic for a single customer’s domain to the malicious copy of that domain.”

Some advice from award winning security blogger, researcher and speaker, Graham Cluley – avoid putting your cryptocurrency wallet online, keep them off your smartphone or computer and perhaps instead invest in a hardware wallet.

Beware: ad slingers thinly disguised as security apps 0 1007

Fake Security App

According to AV-Comparatives, an independent testing organization, there are significant differences in the level of protection provided by mobile security solutions. However, even the least secure of them are still far better than questionable apps that impersonate security applications in order to display ads to users. Thirty-five such applications have recently been discovered in the Google Play official Android app store.

These apps have Google Play statistics showing a minimum of over six million installs, cumulatively. However, not all those were necessarily real installations, it is possilbe that many were bot downloads posting fake reviews to improve the ratings for the app.

All 35 apps have been flagged by ESET and eventually removed from the store.

In addition to annoying their victims with ads, disguising these apps as security software has some serious negative side effects, too. In mimicking basic security functions – in fact, they all act as very primitive security checkers relying on a few trivial hardcoded rules – they often detect legitimate apps as malicious. And last but not least, they create a false sense of security in the victims, which might expose them to real risks from malicious apps that are not detected as such.

ESET’s analysis has shown that among these 35 apps, only a handful stand out for their specific features: one app is not completely free as it offers a paid upgrade; one app has implemented a primitive, easily bypassed, app-locker manager; another app flags other apps from this group as dangerous by default; and finally, one misuses ESET’s branding.


Security-mimicking functionality
In order to stay under the radar, all the shady ad-displaying apps mimic actual mobile security solutions. However, their ‘detection mechanisms’ are incomplete and very primitive, which makes them easy to bypass and prone to false positives.

Our research into these questionable apps has shown that their ‘detection mechanisms’ can be divided into four categories. These mechanisms are identical or almost identical across the whole set of apps.

1) Package name whitelist & blacklist
These whitelists features popular apps such as Facebook, Instagram, LinkedIn, Skype and others. The ‘blacklists’ contains far too few items to be considered security functionality at all.

2) Permissions blacklist
All apps (including legitimate ones) are flagged if they require some of the listed permissions that are considered dangerous, such as send and receive SMS, access location data, access the camera, etc.

3) Source whitelist
All apps but those from the official Android store, Google Play, are flagged – even if they are completely benign.

4) Activities blacklist
All apps that contain any of the blacklisted activities: that is, parts of applications. This mainly concerns some ad-displaying activities.

Flagged are all apps that contain any of the blacklisted activities, i.e., packages of application that are used in an application. These packages can handle additional functionalities (mainly some ad-displaying activities).

While there is nothing wrong with the idea of activity blacklisting, the implementation in these questionable apps is rather sloppy. For example, Google Ads is included in the blacklist despite the fact that it is a legitimate service. On top of being legitimate, this service is implemented in all of the shady apps we analyzed.

Additional security “functionality”
Some of the questionable security apps are capable of protecting a user’s apps with a password or a pattern locker. The idea behind this seemingly useful feature is to provide the user with another layer of security in selected apps.

However, due to insecure implementation, this feature also fails to provide true security to the user.

The problem is that relevant information is not stored safely on the device – instead of using encryption, which is common baseline practice in cybersecurity, these apps store the names of locked apps and the passwords to unlock them as plaintext.

This means that the data can be accessed after the device is rooted.

Besides compromising the unencrypted data by rooting the phone, there is another way to bypass the app lock. An attacker with physical access to the device can change the app-locking password without knowing the old one!

Having a security solution installed in an Android phone is definitely a good thing. However, not all apps featuring “security” or “antivirus” in their name do what the name promises. Before installing a security solution, think twice: is it really a tool you can safely rely on?

The 35 pseudo-security apps described in this article are not, say, ransomware or other hardcore malware. The only harm they do is displaying annoying ads, making false-positive detections and giving the victim a false sense of security. However, those millions of unwary users who downloaded them could easily have ended up downloading true malware in some similar disguise.

Instead of shady apps with flashy names and icons and outlandish, unsubstantiated promises, seek a reputable security solution. And which one to choose? An independent test by a well-respected testing organization might help.